However, within the framework of this article, we are not interested in technical questions (why is there no indexing), but purely applied ones: how to navigate the resources and their capabilities?

We propose to consider not just the darkweb as a phenomenon, but darknets (Darknets) – networks in which ecosystems and subcultures arise. The darkweb consists of many darknets

The specifics of darknets are such that the most unpleasant and illegal things are found in the first places in the search queries of their visitors: child pornography, drugs, fraudulent schemes, hacker services and services, fake documents and weapons, terrorist organizations.

But there are also positive opportunities for “dark” networks:

to preserve the privacy of private life, to buy and exchange cryptocurrencies, to conduct civil and journalistic investigations, to collect evidence and find informants. The stories with Edward Snowden and WikiLeaks leaks would hardly have been possible without anonymous networks.

Today, the most popular and well-known system is Tor (short for “The Onion Router”). This is a hybrid anonymous network built on the principle of “onion routing” (encrypted), which allows network users to exchange information and remain anonymous. Other large and well-known network systems include Freenet and I2P.